World terror group Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan’s (ISIL-Ok) new chief Shihab al-Muhajir heads its operations in India, Afghanistan, Bangladesh, the Maldives, Pakistan and Sri Lanka and is claimed to have had an earlier affiliation with the dreaded Haqqani Community, based on a report of U.N. Secretary-Normal Antonio Guterres.
The 12th report of the Secretary-Normal on the risk posed by ISIL (also referred to as ISIS and Da’esh) to worldwide peace and safety and the vary of United Nations efforts in assist of member states in countering the risk stated that ISIL-Ok at present has 1,000-2,200 fighters in Afghanistan unfold throughout a number of provinces.
“ISIL-Ok continued to show resilience in Afghanistan however its degraded army capabilities, together with in Nangarhar and Kunar Provinces,” it stated.
The report stated though ISIL-Ok faces challenges in its skill to grab and maintain important territory in these provinces, it has claimed duty for a lot of current high-profile assaults, together with the devastating assault on a maternity hospital in Kabul in Might, the assault on Jalalabad metropolis jail in August, an assault on Kabul College in November and the killing of a feminine Afghan journalist in Nangarhar province in December.
“ISIL-Ok is at present assessed to have between 1,000 and a pair of,200 fighters in Afghanistan unfold throughout a number of provinces and is anticipated to proceed to focus on Kabul and provincial capitals in future assaults.
“Shihab al-Muhajir, introduced because the group’s new chief in June 2020, reportedly heads ISIL operations in Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, the Maldives, Pakistan, Sri Lanka and states in Central Asia. He’s stated to have had an earlier affiliation with and to take care of familial ties to the Haqqani community,” the U.N. Secretary Normal’s report stated.
The Haqqani community, which has the backing of parts throughout the Pakistani safety institution, is one in every of Afghanistan’s most skilled and complicated rebel organisations, based on the Institute for the Examine of Warfare, a Washington-based non-partisan, non-profit, public coverage analysis organisation.
The Haqqani community maintains a secure haven in North Waziristan, Pakistan, throughout Afghanistan’s southeastern border, it stated. The extremist group has been behind a few of the deadliest assaults throughout Afghanistan towards U.S. pursuits within the war-torn nation.
It stated that on-line recruitment and radicalisation of ISIL sympathisers in South Asia continues to be a “concern, specifically by way of propaganda publications concentrating on followers, together with within the Maldives and Sri Lanka.” The Secretary Normal’s report stated that ISIL additionally stays resilient in South-East Asia with a lot of factions, specifically within the southern Philippines, giving particular urgency to initiatives developed by authorities within the area, together with the promotion of narratives to counter violent extremism on-line.
“Though counter-terrorism forces reported successes in disrupting some cells and averting imminent assaults, the area continued to expertise violence initiated or impressed by ISIL,” it stated, including that the prominence of girls concerned with ISIL, together with in finishing up suicide bombings, continues to be a pattern in South-East Asia.
Two such assaults occurred within the Philippines in August, each involving girls believed to be widows of Abu Sayyaf Group fighters.
Mr. Guterres stated within the report that the COVID-19 pandemic has continued to pose important strategic and sensible challenges for member states’ efforts to stop and counter terrorism and the underlying unfold of violent extremism, in full compliance with worldwide legislation.
“Member states and United Nations consultants have additionally raised the priority that terrorists could also be in search of to use new vulnerabilities ensuing from the continued international well being disaster, together with by forging opportunistic alliances with organised prison teams,” the U.N. Secretary Normal stated within the report, including that in the long term, the financial downturn and the diversion of presidency assets within the wake of the pandemic might weaken nationwide counter-terrorism efforts and worldwide cooperation and help.
Mr. Guterres stated that in battle zones, terrorists have maintained the identical skill to maneuver and function regardless of the pandemic. Regardless of setbacks in Afghanistan, ISIL-Ok has continued to use difficulties within the Afghan peace course of.
He urged member states to stay “united” of their efforts to counter ISIL and the broader risk of terrorism, regardless of the strains and competing priorities brought on by the pandemic.
Mr. Guterres warned that the pandemic has exacerbated situations conducive to terrorism, which widens the pool of susceptible people for ISIL to focus on.
“Decisive, concerted measures are wanted to successfully counter the usage of web and digital applied sciences for prison functions, together with incitement and financing of terrorism. Human rights-compliant methods should be in place to detect and apprehend terrorists, together with overseas terrorist fighters, given the prospect of the resumption of large-scale worldwide journey,” the report stated.
The report added that Amir Muhammad Sa’id Abdal-Rahman al-Mawla shouldn’t be assessed to have modified the strategic course of ISIL since turning into its chief in late 2019.