An ongoing examine of the behaviour sample of the critically-endangered vultures has revealed that these massive birds typically fly round 150 kms searching for meals every day, an official mentioned on Thursday.
This got here to mild by the evaluation of the radio monitoring units fitted on just a few vultures in Madhya Pradesh’s Panna Tiger Reserve (PTR), he mentioned.
“We’re learning the behaviour sample of three radio monitoring device-fitted vultures proper now. Within the course of, we got here to know that these birds typically fly 100 km to 150 km for meals each day,” PTR director Uttam Kumar Sharma instructed information company Press Belief of India.
The radio units have been fitted on these birds in November final yr with the goal of monitoring their actions, he mentioned.
“It was discovered that many instances, these three vultures would fly off to neighbouring state Uttar Pradesh from Panna searching for meals and return residence within the night,” Mr Sharma mentioned.
Radio monitoring units could be fitted on some extra vultures within the PTR quickly, he mentioned.
In keeping with Sharma, the behaviour of those scavenger birds, their habits and actions had not been studied with the assistance of radio trackers prior to now.
PTR is residence to round 600 vultures of seven species — 4 endemic and three migratory — he mentioned.
AK Jain, deputy director of Bhopal-based Van Vihar Nationwide Park, mentioned that India has misplaced 99.7 per cent of the vulture inhabitants and the remaining of those birds additionally confronted the specter of extinction twenty years in the past, following which steps have been initiated for his or her conservation.
Madhya Pradesh is residence to the very best variety of 8,397 vultures amongst all of the states in India, he mentioned, including that the final state extensive census of those scavenger birds was performed in 2019.
The primary census of vultures within the state was held in 2016 and the third depend would start from February 7, he mentioned.
Atmosphere activist Sachin Jain mentioned vultures play an important position in sustaining the ecosystem as they eat the carcasses of lifeless animals.
If these pure scavengers change into extinct, lifeless animals would decay and breed germs and unfold illnesses, he mentioned.
Mr Jain mentioned that in response to a well-known journal report of 2010, India misplaced 4.9 crore vultures in 20 years.
“There have been round 5 crore vultures in India some 20-25 years in the past, however this quantity got here all the way down to round one lakh in 2007,” he mentioned.
He mentioned that a lot of the vultures died from ingesting cattle carcasses that contained diclofenac, a drug utilized in therapy of livestock, following which it was banned in India.